ERIC Number: ED145001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation Comment. Vol. 5, No. 2: The Influence of External Political Factors on the Role and Methodology of Evaluation.
Brickell, Henry M.; And Others
Evaluation Comment, v5 n2 Dec 1976
External political pressures which influence the role and methodology of evaluation are described in the lead article by Henry M. Brickell. These influences, according to the author, are constantly present and are often more powerful in their effect than the actual evaluation findings. Based upon his experiences as an evaluator of educational programs under contract to different government agencies, Brickell presents case studies of political influences on evaluation studies, and offers suggestions for evaluators who are faced with similar problems. Gabriel Della-Piana, in a commentary on the first paper, extends Brickell's analysis and suggests ways to alleviate the problems resulting from political influences. One major problem--that evaluations are inaccurate because the evaluator has omitted negative findings--is illustrated by a number of specific examples. These examples are classed into three areas of coping deficiency: interference with the evaluator's task, inappropriate feedback, and biased decision making in order to avoid unfavorable consequences. A second commentary by William J. Wright is also included. Standards for evaluation contracts and for the performance of a credible evaluation are suggested. Responsibilities of clients and evaluators, specification of the report's audience, conflict of interest, measurement techniques, interpretation of results, and resolution of conflict are discussed. (GDC)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.