ERIC Number: ED144921
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Gender Difference on Perceptions of Self-Esteem: An Unobtrusive Measure.
Smith, M. Dwayne; Self, George D.
Previous research has established the existence of a differential in self-esteem between males and females. This difference is explained in terms of socialization experiences which favor the masculine role. On this basis, it was predicted that male subjects would display higher self-esteem than females in a simulated society game in which subjective evaluations were made of perceived worth. The results provided support for this prediction, which remained in effect when controls were introduced for age, health, race, religiosity, and marital status. However, skill attainment proved to be an important intervening variable; females possessing certain instrumental skills were as likely as males to display high self-esteem. The discussion suggests that skill attainment may be an important aspect of socialization accounting for gender differences in self-esteem. References and tables are included. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Sociological Association (Dallas, Texas, March 31-April 2, 1977)