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ERIC Number: ED144909
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Educational and Occupational Aspirations and Expectations of Black and White College Students.
Armstrong, William L.; And Others
The paper compares educational and occupational aspirations and expectations of 500 black and white students from a San Antonio college. Previous research had produced conflicting theories of social class and race as determinants of expectations. This study employed a self-administered questionnaire which included the Occupational Aspiration Scale (OAS). The OAS provided to every respondent the same set of occupational alternatives in terms of idealistic aspirations and realistic expectations. Other questions assessed educational aspirations and expectations, as well as independent variables through which racial and social class differences could be identified. Results indicated that blacks and whites had similar educational aspirations, but that blacks had higher realistic expectations. More whites than blacks had low occupational aspirations. Blacks had higher occupational expectations. These results, which conflict with some previous research, may be due to sample bias and the effects of recent legislation to improve educational and occupational opportunities for minority groups. The results support the theory that race, not social class, influences expectations and aspirations. (AV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Sociological Association (Dallas, Texas, March 30-April 2, 1977)