ERIC Number: ED144840
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Activity-Based Learning in Elementary School Mathematics: Recommendations from Research.
Suydam, Marilyn N.; Higgins, Jon L.
Research conducted in grades K-8 on activity-based teaching approaches, including studies on the use of manipulative materials, is reviewed and synthesized in this report. On the basis of the synthesis, it was concluded that lessons using manipulative materials have a higher probability of producing greater mathematical achievement than do non-manipulative lessons. Use of both manipulative materials and pictorial representations is highly effective; symbolic treatments alone are less effective. The use of materials appears to be effective with children at all achievement levels, ability levels, and socioeconomic levels. Activity-oriented programs and the use of mathematic laboratories can be expected to result in achievement at least as high as when activities are not emphasized. Other conclusions are also presented, plus implications for further research. Implications for classroom practice and five guidelines for those planning projects or selecting programs are presented. (MS)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Games, Instruction, Laboratories, Manipulative Materials, Mathematics Education, Research Reviews (Publications)
Information Reference Center (ERIC/IRC), The Ohio State University, 1200 Chambers Rd., 3rd Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43212 ($3.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education, Columbus, OH.