ERIC Number: ED144720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Fire and Children: Learning Survival Skills.
Block, Jeanne H.; And Others
This paper describes a study designed to investigate: (1) children's interest in, anxieties about, attitudes toward, and reactions to fire; (2) the relationship of particular personality characteristics to attitudes about and behavior with potentially hazardous fire material; (3) socialization techniques and teaching strategies of mothers in situations involving the controlled use of fire materials; and (4) the relationship of mothers' attitudes about fire and teaching techniques to their child's attitudes about and observed performance with fire materials. Subjects included all 5-year-old boys (18) and all 6-year-olds (14 boys and 15 girls) in a nursery school. Assessments of subjects had been accumulated as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of ego and cognitive development. Mothers were interviewed concerning their child's health, development, illness, and accident histories, and interest and experience with fire. Methods used by parents to teach children about fire were explored. The Q-sort method was used to quantify teaching behaviors observed. Children responded to pictures of fire viewed among a series of other pictures; were asked to list "all the things that children sometimes do that are bad"; and took part in a marble guessing game that assessed the tendency to make premature judgments or take risks. Finally, subjects and their mothers were observed as the mother taught her child three fire related tasks. Results for mothers and children are analyzed separately, and generalizations suggested by the results are listed in a discussion section. (Author/SB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Childhood Attitudes, Children, Curiosity, Early Childhood Education, Fear, Fire Protection, Fire Science Education, Interviews, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Parent Influence, Personality, Personality Studies, Research, Sex Differences, Socialization, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Forest Service (USDA), Berkeley, CA. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.
Note: USDA Forest Service Research Paper PSW-119