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ERIC Number: ED144699
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Effects of the Approval Motive Upon Resistance to Temptation Under Contrasting Incentive Conditions.
Nelsen, Edward A.; And Others
This paper describes a study which examined interactive relationships between a personality variable (need for approval) and a situational variable (incentive for achievement) as determinants of transgression in temptation situations. Hypotheses were formulated that need for approval would correlate differentially with transgression when individuals were offered a self-gratifying, material incentive versus an altruistic, praiseworthy one. Subjects were 34 girls and 24 boys from seventh-grade classes. The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale was administered to assess need for approval. Transgression was assessed with a shooting gallery game, programmed to produce a fixed score when all rules were followed. Each subject participated in two successive temptation situations under constrasting incentive conditions (presented in differing sequence for two subject groups): (1) the subject's achievement of a certain score earned a prize for himself; (2) the subject's score earned a prize for another child. Findings indicated that need for approval is differentially related to transgression behavior, i.e., as a function of the incentive for achievement. Individuals with higher need for approval tended to transgress more when the incentive was altruistic or praiseworthy; individuals with lower need for approval tended to transgress more when the incentive was self-gratifying or personally materialistic. (Author/BF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)