ERIC Number: ED144490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Structures of Post-Secondary Education. Yale Higher Education Program Working Paper.
Clark, Burton R.
The stubborn memorandum of organizational forms and types of control stems naturally from the traditionalizing of their practices, the vesting of group interest in their continuation, and the justifying of ideologies. The momentum is increased when the forms and types acquire niches in the larger organizational ecology that protects them against competition and invidious comparison. Contrary to the popular view that old organizations are rigid and new ones flexible, there stands the likelihood that long-lived organizations, surviving war, depression, and political attack, have devised adaptive mechanisms as well as protective niches. One primary adaptive feature of colleges and universities may be their cellular construction. The operating level of chairs, institutes, departments, divisions, and schools consists not of units linked in an integrated process of production or service, but of free-standing units, partly self-governing, that can be individually added or dropped, augmented or diminished. In the turbulent last quarter of the twentieth century, viability in national higher education systems hinges on balance of power and on differentiation--even disorder--among organizational types. In all nations, the task in reform is to balance the trends toward centralization and diversification. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Administrative Change, Administrative Organization, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education as a Field of Study
Program of Comparative and Historical Studies of Higher Education, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, 1732 Yale Station, New Haven, Conn. 06520
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Inst. for Social and Policy Studies.