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ERIC Number: ED144479
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Reform and Restraint in Higher Education: The French Experience, 1865-1914. Yale Higher Education Program Working Paper
Geiger, Roger L.
With the reform of 1877-1885 and the subsequent expansion of higher education, the formal Napoleonic structure of the French university gave birth to an essentially new system. A historical study examines the origins and prewar evolutions of that phase of the development of French higher education begun by the reforms of the 1880's. The foremost concern is with the Faculty of Letters, although other areas are referred to. Attention is focused on three paramount issues: (l) the social relations of higher educaton, including the functions it has fulfilled for society alone and for certain groups within it; (2) the organizational structure and the way that relationships within it affected the development of higher education; and (3) the role of the universities in creating and disseminating basic scientific and cultural knowledge. The starting point is the condition of the letters faculty at the end of the Second Empire and the growing realization of their inadequacies. The institutional structure of the university on the eve of reform is analysed. The reform movement that largely shaped the transformation of higher education is examined, and an account of the actual course of reform given. The evolution of French higher education in the generation following reform is charted, and two contrasting contemporary evaluations of the French system are compared to illustrate the impasse it had reached by l9l4. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Educational Change, Educational History, European History, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, International Education, Organization, Social Change, Universities
Program of Comparative and Historical Studies of Higher Education, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, 1732 Yale Station, New Haven, Conn. 06520
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Inst. for Social and Policy Studies.
Identifiers - Location: France