ERIC Number: ED144404
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Interference of a Native Dialect in Second Dialect Acquisition. Occasional Papers on Linguistics, No. 1.
Chambers, Janice S.; And Others
This study investigated the effects of interference of a native dialect in the acquisition of a second dialect. Four groups of subjects were used: Five white preschool children from an intergrated nursery school, five Black preschool children from a Head Start program, five white, middle-class 16-, 17-, and 18-year-olds, and five Black 16-, 17-, and 18-year-olds from the University of Cincinnati's Upward Bound program. Subjects listened to a tape of twenty sentences, ten in Black dialect and ten in Standard English, and were asked to repeat what they heard. The changes or errors were evaluated according to the nine factors listed by Baratz (1969). The study found that: (1) native speakers can reproduce their own dialect better than non-native speakers; (2) each group experienced a significant amount of interference from their native dialect in an attempt to speak the second dialect; (3) both groups at the same age level made approximately the same number of changes with their native and second dialects; and (4) neither Black nor white children are usually bi-dialectal, but competency increases with age. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Black Dialects, Black Students, Blacks, Dialect Studies, Grammar, Interference (Language), Language Research, Language Variation, Linguistic Competence, Linguistic Theory, Native Speakers, Nonstandard Dialects, North American English, Phonology, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage, Surface Structure
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Linguistics.
Note: Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers in Language Proficiency and Dominance Testing (1st, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, April 21-23, 1977)