ERIC Number: ED144400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Language-Experience Approach as a Means to Reading Proficiency and Language Proficiency in First and Second Languages. Occasional Papers on Linguistics, No. 1.
Shepherd, Terry R.
This paper suggests an approach to communication skills which views these skills, in first and second language acquisition, as related, integrated "language-experiences." Three examples of language-experience situations are presented, the first dealing with native language acquisition, and the other two with second language learning. Thirty-two suggestions are given for implementing this technique, including the following: (1) begin with meaningful student activity; (2) start with the known and move gradually toward the unknown; (3) utilize many and varied experiences; (4) make the experience as concrete and participatory as possible; (5) keep it relevant and interesting; (6) precede written expression with oral expression and do not isolate communication skills by mode; and (7) provide models if the learner is unable to create language for a given experience. Disadvantages to this method include: (1) it is time-consuming; (2) it lacks structure and vocabulary control; and (3) it requires leaving the classroom. Advantages include: (1) it is a form of individualized instruction; (2) it is very interesting to students; (3) it is easily integrated with other curricular subjects and cultural elements; and (4) it provides valuable information about the child's ability to produce language. (AM)
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Communicative Competence (Languages), Elementary Education, English Instruction, Individualized Instruction, Language Acquisition, Language Experience Approach, Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Language Skills, Learning Activities, Learning Experience, Psycholinguistics, Reading Ability, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Linguistics.
Note: Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers in Language Proficiency and Dominance Testing (1st, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, April 21-23, 1977)