ERIC Number: ED144397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Reading in a Second Language. Occasional Papers on Linguistics, No. 1.
This study examined reading in a second language among 12 fourth and fifth grade Mexican American bilinguals. The children's oral reading and recall was taped. Oral reading errors were categorized and tallied. The reading performance was evaluated by a system-oriented analysis of recall and of reading errors where "error" was defined as any deviation from the text. Errors were tallied into seven categories: corrections, repetitions, omissions, additions, mispronunciations, base substitutions, and morphological substitutions. In the first four categories, the bilingual reader made fewer errors than the monolingual reader. These results suggest that the bilingual reader pays closer attention to text, relying less on prediction about the upcoming content. The bilingual group made more substitution errors, which suggest first-language interference. The recall of narrative content was measured by the ratio "propositions in recall/propositions in text." Among bilingual readers there was significant negative correlation between omission and recall and substitution errors and recall, which was not found among monolingual readers. The decoding mistakes and mispronunciation of the bilingual readers frequently indicated a systematic relationship to Spanish phonology or orthography. Major emphasis in reading instruction should be on English grapheme-phoneme correspondence. (CFM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Content Area Reading, Decoding (Reading), English (Second Language), Error Analysis (Language), Interference (Language), Language Instruction, Oral Reading, Pronunciation, Reading Ability, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Reading Skills, Recall (Psychology), Second Language Learning, Spanish Speaking
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Linguistics.
Note: Proceedings of the International Conference on Frontiers in Language Proficiency and Dominance Testing (1st, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, April 21-23, 1977)