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ERIC Number: ED144369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Apr-28
Reference Count: N/A
Temporal Analysis of English and Spanish Narratives.
de Johnson, Teresa H.; O'Connell, Daniel C.
In order to ascertain the effect of different demands on cognitive processes as reflected in speech rate, pause and hesitation phenomena, 90 young men, 45 native speakers of English (U.S.A.) and 45 native speakers of Spanish (Mexico), were asked to retell a story presented in one of three ways: (1) film plus narration; (2) film only; (3) narration only. Narrations were in subjects' native language. A certain parallelism in performance of both language groups was evident in the consistency of results across modes of presentation in articulation rate, speech rate, phrase length, and frequency and length of unfilled pauses. Language-specific differences were found in occurrence of parenthetical remarks and filled pauses. This analysis was found successful in differentiating some cognitive processes involved in retelling a story presented in various modes. Results support a theory of speech production which includes cognitive activity concurrent with the act of speech production as one of the multiple determinants of hesitation. These aspects of speech generation are not necessarily evident in the semantic or grammatical structure of produced discourse. Cross-linguistic comparisons support reliability of paralinguistic measures to study relationship of thought and language. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A