ERIC Number: ED144336
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
Factors Relating to Levels of Child Care Among Families Receiving Public Assistance in New Jersey. Volume I. Final Report.
Wolock, Isabel; Horowitz, Berny
To clarify the factors interacting with poverty which make families more likely to abuse and neglect their children, interviews were conducted with families indicating neglect only (n=246), neglect and abuse (n=106), and abuse only (n=28). Interviews conducted with the maltreating group were compared with a group of poverty level nonmaltreating families with at least one child 12 years old or older. Responses were recorded and analyzed for the following areas: sample description (including ethnic group, language spoken, and welfare status); housing (including food consumption, clothing, and material living index); ecological environment (including perception of neighborhood, contact with relatives, and frequency of moving); child rearing knowledge, attitudes, and practices; familial background of parent; current family composition (including number, ages, and spacing of children); parental problems and difficulties (including alcohol consumption, use of heroin, and emotional well being); parent's current self-perceptions and expectations; and child characteristics. Findings are noted to suggest the following intervention strategies: guaranteed employment; guaranteed minimal income at a substantially higher level than current levels; universal preventive health care; expanded food stamp programs; an expanded stock of adequate housing at reasonable rents; and community development programs that would provide resources to make communities safer, more supportive, and less crime-ridden. (Tables with statistical data are provided throughout the text.) (SBH)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Rearing, Demography, Disadvantaged Youth, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Influences, Exceptional Child Research, Family Problems, Family (Sociological Unit), Individual Characteristics, Intervention, Interviews, Needs Assessment, Statistical Data, Welfare Recipients
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHEW/OHD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Graduate School of Social Work.; New Jersey State Div. of Youth and Family Services, Trenton. Bureau of Research, Planning, and Program Development.
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