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ERIC Number: ED143977
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship Between Intellectual-Achievement Responsibility Attributions and Performance.
Barnett, Mark A.; Kaiser, Donn L.
The relationship between a child's assumption of responsibility for intellectual-academic successes and failures and various performance scores was examined in the present investigation. An expanded version of the Crandall, Katkovsky, and Crandall (1967) Intellectual Achievement Responsibility (IAR) Questionnaire was administered to a total of 138 children in the fourth, sixth, and eighth grades. Three levels of internality (I) were established separately for the boys and girls by partitioning the Total I scores derived from the IAR into Lo, Mid, and Hi groups. The girls were not found to differ significantly on any performance measure as a function of Total I level. However, the boys who assumed relatively little responsibility for their outcomes (Lo Total I) demonstrated a different pattern of assumption of responsibility for positive and negative outcomes, significantly poorer scores on the intelligence and achievement indices, and a more defensive pattern of Self/Other attributions than boys who assumed greater responsibility for their outcomes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May 5-7, 1977)