ERIC Number: ED143970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr-22
Reference Count: 0
Differential Response of Males and Females to Work Situations Which Evoke Sex Role Stereotypes.
Gutek, Barbara A.; Stevens, Denise A.
The hypothesis in the present study is that in work situations which evoke sex role stereotypes, women will respond less stereotypically than males since it is in their best interest to do so. The method comes from the Rosen et al. (1975) study of male managers. In the present study, 293 introductory psychology students were asked to role play an executive vice-president of a large retail clothing chain. They were given five in-basket decision tasks, involving either male or female employees, following the tasks designed by Rosen and his colleagues. All five in-baskets involved behavior that is considered more appropriate for one sex than the other. The situations concerned hiring for a position requiring extensive travel, promotion of a person who stated that family life comes before work, response to an employee whose spouse has been offered a lucrative position elsewhere, response to a request for leave of absence to care for one's children, and deciding the appropriateness of a person's attendance at his/her spouse's company parties. Both male and female subjects, the majority of whom were first semester freshmen, responded to the in-basket situations in a somewhat less stereotypical manner than Rosen, Jerdee, and Prestwich's male managers. In general, females are not less discriminatory than males although there are differences between the sexes in specific areas. Despite the rhetoric about a loosening of sex role stereotypes, however, results suggest that both young males and young females may still respond in a fairly stereotypical manner to work situations which evoke sex role stereotypes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (April 21-24, 1977, Seattle, Washington); Best copy available