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ERIC Number: ED143966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Cooperative Skill Development in Equal Status Small Groups.
Singleton, H. Wells; And Others
The objective of the study was to (1) systematically study the process by which small group cooperation develops and to (2) produce guidelines that will be useful to teachers. The sample consisted of 84 seventh grade boys and girls of middle class families. Three randomly assigned samples (rotating, solid, and control) comprised the experimental groups. All three samples were administered a criterion activity, and the rotating and solid samples were administered intervention activities. The criterion activity consisted of an adapted version of the Madson cooperation board designed to promote both cooperative and competitive behavior among small groups of four. The intervention activities consisted of the "NASA Lost on the Moon" and "Decision Grid" in which cooperative skills and processes were examined in the small group setting. The results showed a significant gain in non-competitive gains for the rotating and solid samples (t Test) while the control sample showed a slight decrease. The intervention activities demonstrated the value of group decisions over individual decisions. Conclusions are that (1) there are certain identifiable conditions under which group members will act cooperatively and (2) skills training is a viable way of teaching cooperative interaction in small groups. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association [New York, N.Y., April 4-8, 1977)