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ERIC Number: ED143933
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 130
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Mathematics: An Investigation of Sex Differentiated Attitudes Toward Mathematics and Sex-Differentiated Achievement in Mathematics on the Ninth Grade Level in Eight Schools in New Jersey.
Merkel-Keller, Claudia
This study was undertaken: (1) to determine achievement in mathematics of ninth graders (general mathematics students and algebra students) in eight public schools in New Jersey as measured by an achievement test developed and tested by the author; (2) to determine attitudes toward mathematics of the students as measured by an attitude scale developed and tested by the author; (3) to provide data regarding sex-differentiated attitudes toward mathematics that could be used to isolate factors influencing attitudes toward mathematics; and (4) to correlate attitude and achievement data for the sample of students studied. Findings reveal three key components in attitudinal orientation toward mathematics: (1) attitudes toward mathematics as a subject; (2) learner's self-concept and the sex-role stereotyping dimension; and (3) parental expectations. Parental expectations emerged as factor two for females, and as factor three for males. Both sexes evidenced the same primary factor, i.e., attitudes toward mathematics as a subject. Weak statistical trends related to differences in mathematical achievement may attest to changing teaching styles in the mathematics classroom and recognition of sex-role stereotyping. Also, ninth grade may not be the critical level to determine strong statistical sex differences in mathematics ability and attitude. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, N.Y., April 4-8, 1977); Best Copy Available; some tables may reproduce poorly