ERIC Number: ED143930
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Status: Influence on the Evaluation of Professionals.
Hood, Kay E.
The study investigated the acceptance of females in traditionally masculine professions. Subjects were 48 females and 58 males psychology students at the University of Nebraska-Omaha. Each read professional articles in the fields of business, dentistry, engineering and law; author sex and status were systematically manipulated. After reading each article, subjects evaluated the article, author, and profession on three semantic differentials. Multivariate analysis procedures were used to analyse the data. Results showed that neither male nor female, young nor older subjects discriminated against the women authors. Perhaps the "women's movement" has had some impact on the attitudes and thinking of both women and men and thus upon their objective evaluation of women in traditionally masculine roles. On the other hand, the public may be more aware of and more sophisticated about sex-role issues; more sensitive instruments may now be required to discriminate underlying biases based on sex-role stereotyping. Another important finding was that although the subjects in the present study fairly evaluated female and male professionals, a significant number of the subjects were limiting their own aspirations to appropriate sex-roles. Implications for counselors and for further sex stereotyping research are discussed. (Author)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Bias, Evaluation, Occupations, Professional Occupations, Research Projects, Sex Bias, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Social Bias, Social Status
Kay E. Hood, Director, Women's Support Programs, University of Nebraska-Omaha, P.O. Box 668, Omaha, Nebraska, 68101
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D.C., September 3-7, 1976)