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ERIC Number: ED143904
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Automated Versus Conventional Systematic Desensitization: A Study of Comparative Effectiveness.
De Csipkes, Robert A.; Rowe, Wayne
This study investigates whether variations in method of presentation of anxiety items (experimenter's voice, experimenter's taped voice, subject's taped voice) will result in differences in autonomic arousal (as measured by self-report, galvanic skin response, cardiac rate, blood pressure). Ss were 24 Naval Academy midshipmen. The procedure involved (1) training in deep muscle relaxation, and (2) measuring arousal following the presentation of anxiety-eliciting stimuli. Statistical analysis indicated that the influence of method of presentation was significant for galvanic skin response and self-reported anxiety. Comparison of cell means showed that verbal presentations were more effective in eliciting autonomic arousal than taped presentations. The results of this study provides partial evidence to support the conventional form of systematic desensitization as more effective than the newer automated or taped versions. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, N.Y., April 4-8, 1977)