ERIC Number: ED143890
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of the Processes of Earning Achievement of Black and White Married Females.
Christenson, Bruce A.
A socioeconomic life cycle model consisting of six temporally-ordered stages is used to compare the impact of family background, educational achievement, early occupational achievement, and current family and work role variables on the 1966 earning achievement of a nationally representative sample of black and white married women, ages 30 to 44. A reduced forms regression procedure is used to permit maximum consideration of early life cycle determinants. Major findings include the following: (1) socio-economic background has more influence on black earning achievement; (2) educational achievement also has a greater payoff for blacks, with racial differences in earnings being greater at lower educational levels; (3) premarital occupational status achievement is important to the adult earning achievement of black but not of white females; (4) whereas premarital characteristics have a greater impact, in terms of variance explained, on black earning achievement, current family characteristics have a greater impact on white earning achievement. The presence of preschool children adversely affects the earning achievement of white females, but not black females, even after controlling for family financial need. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Sociological Society (St. Louis, Missouri, April 21-24, 1976) ; Support for this research was provided by the Midwest Council for Social Research in Aging