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ERIC Number: ED143682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jul
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
He and She: Sex Fairness in Selection and Guidance Based on Educational Testing.
Datta, Lois-ellin
Debate on criteria for assessing sex fairness in occupational interest inventories has centered on four issues: (1) whether interpretational material should stress the prospect of social change or the reality of present occupational segregation by sex; (2) the appropriate form for reporting scores (raw, pooled sex norms, or separate sex norms); (3) the feasibility of developing measures which are reliable, valid and have low or no correlations with gender in item-level preferences; and (4) whether the criterion of validity should be prediction or exploration, and involve hit rates which are weighted or unweighted for current occupational frequencies. Recent developments indicate that valid, reliable measures which are uncorrelated with gender can be developed, if the criterion is exploration of compatible occupations and hit rates are considered independently for each major category. Debate on the criteria of sex fairness may be shifting from the technical aspects of measure construction and validation to the personal judgments about the social utility of restricting occupational exploration to conform to current distributions by gender versus the social utility of encouraging exploration of non-traditional careers. (Author/MV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revision of paper presented at the International Symposium on Educational Testing (3rd, University of Leyden, the Netherlands, June 27, 1977)