ERIC Number: ED143599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Multiple Educational Options on Students' Self and Social Perceptions.
Bikson, Tora Kay
Effects of experimental learning environments on students' perceptions of themselves and others were evaluated using a nonverbal self-social constructs test. Data were collected from 4000 students representing elementary schools with traditional or experimental learning environments. The experimental environments allowed parents and students to choose among multiple program options. The Self Social Constructs Test (SSCT) was used to evaluate six psycho-social dimensions of students: self-esteem, social distance from others in the school environment, scope of peer attachment, social interest, perceived inclusion, and perceived individuation. The SSCT employed spatial symbols (circles and lines) to represent self and social situations. By selecting and/or arranging symbols, students provided spatial maps interpretable for perceived relationships between themselves and others such as peers, parents, and teachers. Analyses of variance employing school type, grade, ethnicity, and sex as independent factors supported the following conclusions. Students in the multiple-option system perceived themselves as closer to their teachers, more attached to peers, and more included in the domain of social influence. They also retained a stronger sense of individuality. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Group Status, Interpersonal Relationship, Nontraditional Education, Parent Student Relationship, Peer Relationship, Research Methodology, Self Concept, Self Concept Measures, Self Esteem, Statistical Analysis, Student Attitudes, Student Teacher Relationship
Publications Department, The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, California 90406 ($1.50, paper cover)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.