ERIC Number: ED143232
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Memory-Scanning of a Complex Sentence Just Heard.
Shedletsky, L. J.
An experiment was carried out to determine how the memory search of a two-clause complex sentence in immediate memory is carried out. An item-recognition task was performed with 32 native English-speaking, right-handed adults who listened to eight two-clause complex sentences presented to the left ear, each immediately followed by a probe word presented to the right ear. The subjects indicated whether or not the probe word occurred in the sentence, and their recognition latency was measured. An analysis of variance was performed on recognition latency as a function of the three independent variables: (1) the serial position of the target word, early or late, within (2) a main or subordinate clause, in (3) initial or final clause position. The findings of this experiment were: (1) a word in the final clause is recognized significantly faster than a word in the initial clause; (2) for subordinate clauses, subjects take longer to respond to a target word occurring late in the clause than to a target word occurring early in the clause; for main clauses, subjects take longer to respond to a target word occurring early in the clause than to a target word occurring late in the clause. Present storage models of sentence processing and memory search models are inadequate to account for all the data. A combined storage-search account is proposed. (Author/CFM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Communication Association Convention (Berlin, May 29-June 4, 1977)