ERIC Number: ED143151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Age of Onset of Blindness and the Development of the Semantics of Color Names.
Marmor, Gloria Strauss
The relationship between age of onset of blindness and development of knowledge of color relations was examined with 16 college students who had been born totally blind, 16 who had been blinded totally at approximately 15 years of age, and 16 who had normal vision. Ss were asked to judge the similarities between color names, and judgments were submitted to the multidimensional scaling program INDSCAL. Like the sighted and the adventitiously blind, the congenitally blind yielded a two-dimensional space in which the color terms formed a circle with the color names ordered in approximately the spectral sequence red, orange, gold, yellow, green, turquoise, blue, purple, and violet around the circumference. Contrary to previous research, the findings suggested that knowledge of color relations can develop in the absence of first-hand experience with color perception. (Author/IM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Univ., NJ. Dept. of Psychology.