ERIC Number: ED143093
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Two Problems in School Testing; Misclassification and Invasion of Privacy.
Educators find themselves in the position of being ordered to classify pupils for remedial and compensatory programs at the same time that some of their classifying practices are being challenged both in educational research and in court. School classifications are largely the function of testing. The task for educators is to understand the state of the art problems in the so-called technology of testing as well as the nature of the substantive and procedural issues on which court challenges to testing practices are being mounted. The two issues addressed here are the validity of achievement and aptitude tests used in sorting children and the potential conflict between privacy and the revelation of the results of the sorting of children. Both court cases and legislation bearing on these issues are reviewed. Schools now operate in a legal framework that appears to establish rather clear protection against the most serious problems. Interestingly, that protection appears to rest more on recent legislation--the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, and the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975--than it does on the evolution of judicial doctrine. (Author/IRT)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Classification, Court Litigation, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Protection, Federal Legislation, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Intelligence Tests, Labeling (of Persons), Student Records, Students, Test Validity
Not available separately; See EA 009 780
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Organization on Legal Problems of Education, Topeka, KS.
Note: Chapter 16 of EA 009 780; For related documents, see EA 009 780-797