ERIC Number: ED142883
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Parental Divorce, Death and Foster Home Placement as Related to Personality Profiles of Adolescents.
Stolberg, Arnold L.; And Others.
The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there was a consistent relationship between various deviant personality patterns and the status of the home from which the child came. Subjects were 300 adolescents from a population of 834 Caucasian teenagers, aged 12 to 18, not mentally deficient or retarded, from across the U.S., who were involved in psychotherapy for a minimum of 10 sessions. The personality characteristics under investigation were assessed by the MMPI. Groups were arranged on the basis of residential status (divorce, death, foster placement, or intact home), by age at loss, sex of parent lost. Significant results on differences among personality characteristics were obtained in three categories, namely, residential status, age at loss and sex of parent lost. This study identified abnormal personality characteristics which are unique to adolescents from non-intact homes. Interpretation of findings suggest that (1) deviated sex role behaviors observed in adolescents with only one parent may arise from loss of a necessary role model on which to base their own gender-appropriate behavior; (2) increased acting out may be attributable to imitation of parental models for behavior displayed by significant others at the time of the loss; and (3) intervention efforts might employ a purposive manipulation of environmental factors, specifically training in effective parenting techniques and making available appropriate sex role models. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 18-21, 1976)