ERIC Number: ED142686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Demonstration Project for Institutionalizing the Upgrading of the Disadvantaged. Miscellaneous Series No. 24.
Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. Wharton Industrial Research Unit.
Two industrial programs designed to validly select employees for first line supervisory positions are examined in order to determine the capability of these selection programs to institutionalize the upward mobility of the disadvantaged into management positions. One program analyzed--assessment center--is a selection process specifically designed for the identification of persons with managerial and supervisory potential. The second program analyzed is a systematic method for developing selection tools and procedures. The discussion and analysis of the assessment center method is presented in eight chapters, which cover the pitfalls and value of the assessment method, history of the assessment process, a complete description of Michigan Bell's Personnel Assessment Program, issues in assessment, applications of assessment, the validity of the assessment center method, and conclusions and recommendations. The discussion and analysis of the performance analysis method is presented in four chapters, which cover its background, concept, process, demonstration projects, and conclusion. Results of the analyses show that both programs represent formal and systematic ways of identifying and selecting employees for entry level management positions. It is also noted that upgrading is inextricably intertwined with selection, and efforts to achieve the upward mobility of disadvantaged groups must take into account the characteristics of those to be upgraded and the characteristics of the job to be filled. (SH)
Descriptors: Administrators, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged, Evaluation Methods, Industry, Job Skills, Personnel Evaluation, Personnel Selection, Promotion (Occupational), Supervisors, Validity
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151 ($5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. Wharton Industrial Research Unit.