NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED142622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Affirmative Action, Delivered Equality and the Concept of Community.
Segalman, Ralph
This paper describes three models of society: (1) the gemeinschaft, (2) the gesellschaft, and (3) the pseudo-gemeinschaft, and examines the affirmative action process and its relationship to the utopian ideals of equality of opportunity and delivered equality. In a gemeinschaft community, members look out for one another and the community exists for the support of all and to protect itself against outsiders. In a gesellschaft model the purpose of the community is to Provide opportunities for individual material improvement. In the gemeinschaft, individuals have limited access to leave the community but every individual's views are taken into account in community decisions. In the gesellschaft, individuals have complete freedom to leave and the individual's vote depends on his economic activity. Between gemeinschaft and gesellschaft a model has developed called the pseudo-gemeinschaft. This model is exemplified by those persons who assume that all persons of one race, religion or ethnic group make up an organic community. For instance this view ties middle class and affluent educated blacks with the urban poor. It is suggested that it is this view which forms the basis of much of affirmative action policy. It is indicated that past gemeinschaft patterns imposed a prejudicial exclusion for some ethnic groups at the expense of others. Gesellschaft employment and educational patterns have also not provided equality for all. Moreover, it is concluded that pseudo-gemeinschaft, whether experienced in the form of affirmative action or the "caring corporation" is retrogressive. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A