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ERIC Number: ED142610
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Search for Effective Schools; The Identification and Analysis of City Schools That Are Instructionally Effective for Poor Children.
Edmonds, Ronald R.; And Others
A discussion of ongoing efforts to identify and analyze city schools which were instructionally effective for poor and/or minority children is presented. The "Search For Effective Schools" project attempted to answer the question: Are there schools that are instructionally effective for poor children? Two thousand five hundred pupils in twenty schools in the model cities' neighborhood were randomly sampled. The mean math and reading scores of these schools were compared with citywide norms. Effective schools were defined as those schools whose pupils were above the city average grade equivalent in reading and mathematics and an ineffective school's pupils were defined as those who scored below the city average. Nine schools were judged effective in teaching reading and five were judged effective in teaching both reading and math. The results of the study indicated that pupil family background neither caused or precluded elementary school instructional effectiveness. A reanalysis of the 1966 Equal Educational Opportunity Survey (EEOS) indicated that large differences in performance between the effective and ineffective schools could not be attributed to differences in the social class and family background of pupils enrolled in those schools, The report recommended future studies of school and teacher effectiveness which would consider the stratification design as a means for investigating the separate relationship of programs and policies for pupils of differing family and social background. (JP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan (Detroit)