ERIC Number: ED142476
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
American Women Today & Tomorrow.
Bryant, Barbara Everitt
This study finds that the women's movement has had a significant impact in expanding the outlook and changing the attitudes of American women. According to this representative survey of 1,552 women, American women perceive their roles as either traditional, balancing, or expanding. The traditional outlook, generally shared by women over 50, views homemaking as woman's primary role. The expanding outlook favors more options and flexible lifestyles. This outlook, held by women under 35, regards women on an equal basis with men, not only in employment, but also in the sharing of household responsibilities, alimony, child support and custody. In the middle of the spectrum are those women who share a balancing outlook, combining the views of the traditional and the expanding. These women are generally in their 40's or of Black or Spanish-American heritage. The survey reveals that (1) most women are still employed in low-level or female-dominated fields, (2) a gap remains between salaries of men and women, and (3) most women believe government assistance with child care is needed. The study concludes with a list of predictions for the future, based on the idea that "when outlooks change, behavior follows." An expectation is that women will pursue lifestyles which combine careers and homemaking with more shared responsibilities in marriage. Chapters discuss women's opinions; their work; marital status; motherhood, family planning, and childhood; leisure activities and the media image of women; and the effect of the women's movement. Statistical tables, a copy of the 19 page questionnaire, and a bibliography are included. (KC)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Child Care, Employed Women, Family Planning, Family Role, Females, Feminism, Homemakers, Leisure Time, Marital Status, Mass Media, Mothers, National Surveys, Occupational Surveys, Prediction, Questionnaires, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Statistical Surveys
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 052-003-00249-3, $1.25 paper cover)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission on the Observance of International Women's Year, Washington, DC.