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ERIC Number: ED142332
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1951-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Education in Rural and City School Systems: Some Statistical Indices for 1947-48. Circular 329.
Smith, Rose Marie
Nine comparative indices present both financial and non-financial statistics for rural and urban public elementary and secondary schools in 36 states and for all 36 states combined. The 1947-48 data cover the average salary of the instructional staff, instructional expenditure per pupil, total current expenditure per pupil, capital outlay per pupil, average length of the school term, percentage of total number of men teachers, pupil/teacher ratio, percentage of pupils who attend daily, and percentage of total average daily attendance in rural and urban schools. "Urban" was defined as "all cities and incorporated places having 2,500 or more inhabitants"; "rural" included all other areas. Data for urban places were classified into 5 population groups, based on the population reported in the 1940 U.S. Census: 2,500-4,999; 5,000-9,999; 10,000-29,999; 30,000-99,999; and 100,000 or more. Rural data were obtained by subtracting urban data, supplied by city superintendents, from comparable data for the entire state, supplied by state superintendents. Data showed that the schools in city systems were on the average somewhat better than those in rural systems. Urban schools paid teachers higher salaries, spent more per pupil, and had a longer school term. The slightly smaller pupil-teacher ratio in the rural schools indicated smaller enrollments rather than higher educational standards. However, the differences between rural and urban schools were gradually decreasing in such important items as teachers' salaries and per pupil expenditures. (NQ)
Descriptors: Average Daily Attendance, Capital Outlay (for Fixed Assets), Educational Finance, Elementary Schools, Enrollment, Expenditure per Student, Public Schools, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, School Districts, Secondary Schools, Statistical Data, Student Teacher Ratio, Teacher Salaries, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States