ERIC Number: ED142297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Visual Presentation of Mothers for Facilitating Play in Children: The Effects of Silent Films of Mothers.
Passman, Richard H.; Erck, Thomas W.
In this study, the effectiveness of visually presented maternal stimuli for promoting adaptive behaviors was examined. Subjects were 40 children aged 36-54 months. Toddlers in a standardized playroom were accompanied by either their mother, a silent color motion picture of her projected life-sized, a film of an unfamiliar woman, or a gray light. Children with their mother, whether she was physically present or filmed, played longer than subjects with the filmed stranger or control light. Thus, visual reception alone was sufficient to promote play. On the other hand, using two other measures, no differences between the filmed mother and filmed stranger conditions were found. However, post-experimental interviews revealed that 40% of the children shown the filmed stranger mistook her for their mother. A re-analysis of these data demonstrated that the children who misidentified the stranger played and explored more often than those who correctly identified her. These findings imply that any visual stimulus complex which is perceived as being the mother may be sufficient to promote adaptive responding in a novel situation. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)