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ERIC Number: ED142094
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Apr-14
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
The Role of Language Instruction in Bilingual Education in the Soviet Union.
Gale, Tatiana P.
The Soviet Union (USSR) is an immense multinational and multilingual country. At the time of the Revolution (1917) there were 150 national languages spoken in the USSR and 180 recognized linguistic groups, however, 70% of the total population of the USSR was illiterate and the literacy rate of the Middle Asia varied from 1% to 5%. After 1917, mass education was commenced with minorities given the right to be educated in their mother tongue. In 1938 Russian was made a compulsory language that was required to be taught in all schools. Bilingual education proceeded with students of as many as thirty nationalities attending one school and twenty-two different languages being taught in another. In the national schools of the various republics, students were taught in their national tongue, with Russian taught as a second language. In the Russian-medium schools, found in various republics, Russian was the primary language of instruction with the students' native tongue being either taught as a second language or used as a second language of instruction. Through bilingual education the USSR has overcome illiteracy, destroyed racial and linguistic groups and provided a common means of communication. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR