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ERIC Number: ED142042
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-May
Issues for Language Treatment in Australia: English in Australia. Language Planning Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 2.
English has by tradition been the major and official language used in Australia. Dependence upon Southern British norms of correctness has only gradually been eroded, and the establishment of Australian norms to replace them has been equally gradual. Agencies of language standardization do function in Australia and formulate on an ongoing basis standards of usage, for technical terms, place names, and for the selection of varieties in officially sanctioned situations. The provision of extended models of usage is undertaken by the mass media, broadcasters, in particular, and, less formally, the press. Recent changes in the composition and distribution of population and the introduction of new varieties with significant numbers of speakers are resulting in new social and linguistic situations which are exerting pressures on the traditional patterns of language treatment and are forcing new developments in them. The most significant recent changes in policy have been in broadcasting, where relaxation of restrictive legislation now permits programs in ethnic languages on special stations or access radio, and in education, where ethnic languages have entered the curricula of both primary and secondary schools and are available to matriculation. A bilingual education program for speakers of Australian Aboriginal languages is also being implemented. (Author/CLK)
Descriptors: Australian Aboriginal Languages, Bilingual Education, English, Language of Instruction, Language Planning, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Language Variation, Mass Media, Regional Dialects, Second Languages, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage
Culture Learning Institute, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. East-West Center.