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ERIC Number: ED141891
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Summary of State-Wide School Finance Cases Since 1973.
Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC.
This summary provides an overview of developments in school finance litigation since the United States Supreme Court's historic ruling in San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez that wealth-based discrimination in educational expenditures does not violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The failure of the Supreme Court to rule the Texas school finance system unconstitutional shifted school finance litigation to the state courts. The state cases are widely diverse in concept and scope, depending on the state constitutional language, the mechanics of the school finance statute, and the factual setting. A number of cases, following the Rodriguez model, are broad-based attacks on the inequality of the educational opportunity resulting from statewide school finance systems that made educational funding a function of district property wealth. In others, the primary focus is on the state's failure to equalize for the effects of municipal overburden, the higher costs of urban education, or the greater concentrations of disadvantaged children in urban schools. Still others challenge the delegation of the state's constitutional obligation to local voters to provide by referenda the funds necessary for adequate or equal educational opportunities. (Author/IRT)
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Protection, Equalization Aid, Finance Reform, State Aid
School Finance Reform Project, Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, 733 Fifteenth Street, N.W., Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20005 ($1.00)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC.
Note: For a related document, see ED 097 780