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ERIC Number: ED141854
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 154
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Some Effects of General Anxiety and Situational Stress upon Lexical Diversity, Speaking Rate, Speaking Time, and Evaluations of a Speaker.
Connely, Dwight William
In this study, Hull's Drive Theory was applied to a test of the effects of general anxiety and situational stress upon speakers' lexical diversity, speaking rate, speaking time, and evaluations made of the speakers' ability. Recordings of speeches made by 122 individuals were rated by three judges on scales measuring central idea and analysis, supporting material, organization, voice and language, delivery, and general effectiveness. Speech anxiety scores were obtained for each subject. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences for lexical diversity data and speaking time data. When all 122 subjects were examined, speech anxiety was found to have a negative effect upon speaking time. When only those subjects who spoke for three minutes were considered, a significant anxiety/stress interaction was noted. Judges' ratings were negatively affected by speakers' anxiety, for measures of central idea and analysis, supporting material, and organization. Voice and language factors were negatively influenced by the interaction of anxiety and rater. Stress, when coupled with one or more of the raters in interaction, was found to positively affect central idea and analysis, supporting material, and general effectiveness. (Author/KS)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 77-3722, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Iowa