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ERIC Number: ED141754
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Dec
Pages: 156
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Cloze Procedure for Improving Sixth Grade Students' Reading Comprehension and Understanding of Social Studies Materials.
Grant, Patricia
This study attempted to determine whether systematic inclusion of cloze exercises in a sixth grade social studies unit would influence students' reading growth, long term recall, and interest in the material. During the nine-week study, 21 students in the experimental group and 21 students in the control group read the same materials; after each assigned chapter, the experimental group completed cloze exercises, while the control group answered questions about the chapter. Analysis of results obtained on a standardized reading test, on the experimenter-constructed cloze tests, and on the social studies unit test written by the authors of the social studies text indicated that there were no significant differences in gains made by the experimental and control groups in vocabulary achievement and silent reading achievement but that the experimental group did recall the material significantly better than did the control group. Observations of student behavior indicated that students were very enthusiastic about certain of the cloze exercises, although a constant diet of cloze exercises resulted in boredom and disinterest. Students in the experimental group were observed to read the text more closely than the other students and to use grammar and logic cues in completing the cloze exercises. (Author/GW)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.A. Thesis, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey