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ERIC Number: ED141698
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Initial Client Expectancies in Time-Limited Counseling. University of Maryland Counseling Center Research Report No. 7-76.
McKitrick, Daniel S.; Gelso, Charles J.
This experiment assesses the effects on initial expectancies of time-limited (12 sessions) counseling, of the interaction of time limits with the chronicity of the client's problem, and of the rationale given for time limits (time limits effective/appropriate vs. a long waiting list). Eighty female college students were asked to place themselves in the role of a client they saw interacting with a counselor on film. Pre- and post-film written material manipulated the independent variables. Findings suggest that subjects in the chronic (vs. acute) problem condition have the most negative expectancies for the counseling relationship and outcome when the counseling is time-limited (vs. unlimited). While the rationale for time limits do not affect the primary dependent variables, post hoc analyses of subjects' essay responses indicate that the "waiting-list" rationale stimulates more negative expectancies than the "time-limits-effective/appropriate" rationale. Contrary to predictions, time limits do not affect subjects' expectancies for client activity and responsibility and for counselor activity. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.