PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED141691
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Oct-15
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Age on Perception of the Utility of Participation in Education.
Marcus, Edward E.
The instrumental and expressive utilities of participating in education differ among participants. To ascertain how age affects their perception of these forms of utility, questionnaires were executed by 400 middle class participants ages 18-84 in 45 classes for adults in the Chicago area. Independent variables influencing perception of utility were needs, goals, time orientation, enjoyment, sex, socioeconomic status. Findings from multiple regression analysis indicated that: (1) needs, goals, and time orientation were partial determinants of perceived instrumental utility; (2) age more than the other factors affected perceived expressive utility; (3) status and "femaleness" related more to perceived expressive than perceived instrumental utility; and (4) age was the main discriminant. Participation in education was demonstrated to be complex behavior not explained simply by "motivation." The findings suggest that older people are likely to see mainly expressive utility even in programs classified as instrumental. (Author/VG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (29th, New York, N.Y. October 1976) ; Some tables may be marginally legible due to small print of the original document