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ERIC Number: ED141493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Dec-8
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Goal Setting as a Facilitator of Work Performance of Retarded Adults and College Students Differing in Locus of Control.
Gardner, David C.; Warren, Sue Allen
One experiment investigated the relationship of goal setting and locus of control to the work performance of mentally retarded adults and a second experiment was a semi-replication study done on college adults. Two main effects were studied: (1) Method of goal setting (whether a worker set his own goal, had a goal set by a supervisor, or simply observed his own production without setting a goal); and (2) locus of control (whether the subject's locus of control was internal or external). In the first experiment, 48 mentally retarded workers completed a simple task. Setting goals as opposed to not having goals did make a positive difference in production, but it seemed immaterial whether the individual or the supervisor set the goal. Locus of control made no significant difference. A second study was conducted on college students, with the expectation that subjects of higher intelligence would show differences when setting their own goals as opposed to having goals set for them. When 64 university students performed a simple clerical task, neither goal setting nor locus of control seemed to affect performance. The failure to get this result with the college students and the limited effect with the retarded subjects suggest that whether goal setting does or does not improve performance is a function of several factors, including difficulty of task and environmental conditions, and that the relationship between locus of control and work performance is more complex than had previously been thought. (LMS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Vocational Educational Research Association Session of the 1975 American Vocational Association Convention (Anaheim, California, December 8, 1975)