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ERIC Number: ED141483
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Pictures as a Basis for Teaching Reading, School Year 1975-1976.
Almeida, Cynthia H.
This report is an evaluation of a selected New York City Umbrella program, funded under a special grant from the New York State Legislature. The primary goal of the program was to improve the reading achievement of first and second grade pupils in selected schools through the use of photographs taken by the pupils. The program was conducted in six elementary schools in four school districts in New York City and involved approximately 280 pupils who had scored two years or more below grade level on citywide reading tests. Seven second grade and three first grade classes were included in the program. Two of the second grade classes were bilingual. The program was staffed by a coordinator, an educational associate, two educational assistants, two teacher aides, and two student aides. The evaluation objectives were: (1) to determine the extent to which the program was implemented in accordance with the specifications described in the program proposal; (2) to determine whether 70% of the first grade pupils and 90% of the second grade pupils would master the ten selected instructional objectives chosen from the Prescriptive Reading Inventory, Red Book, Level A; and, (3) to determine whether pupil attitudes toward school would improve as demonstrated by increased school attendance. Although program guidelines were fully implemented, the absence of ongoing professional supervision and direction of the instructional process and teacher misinterpretation of the objectives of the program resulted in an undertaking that lacked the necessary elements of an educational program. With regard to pupil reading performance, grade one pupils attained their criterion level for two out of the ten instructional objectives. Grade two pupils did not attain criterion level for any of the ten selected objectives. Since program pupil attendance was already high at the beginning of the program and slightly higher than nonprogram pupil attendance, expectations of additional increases in attendance by program classes were found to be unrealistic. Tabled data and recommendations are included in the report. (Author/BS)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Educational Evaluation.
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)