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ERIC Number: ED141471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Ethnicity in the American University System.
Claerbaut, David
This paper examines the current state of ethnicity in the American university system, using the sociological paradigms applicable to majority-minority relations in its analysis. The English scholasticist-elite concept from which the American concept of higher education grew, focuses on white middle class cultural interests, and arises out of a white, Northern European perception of history, culture, and logic. This view of education has been challenged by a more egalitarian concept which puts forth the notion that education should serve the entire society, by offering each citizen the opportunity to develop his or her potential to the highest possible point. The collision of these two views is at the core of much of the majority-minoriy tension in higher education today. The American university system is still largely controlled by individuals who are deeply imbued with the scholasticist-elite notion. The university has not made the transition to the egalitarian concept. If the white middle class, scholasticist-elite oriented population is viewed as a majority group and the racial and ethnic minorities are collectively viewed as the minority group, it is possible to sharpen the focus on the problem by employing the perspectives operative in majority-minority relations. The current situation in the university system seems to fall somewhere between conciliation and conversion. Changes are due largely to governmental intervention in the form of the enforcement of Civil Rights guidelines and should move in the direction of pluralism and diversity. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A