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ERIC Number: ED141332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Competition and Social Reinforcement Upon Perceptual Motor Performance.
Hrycaiko, Dennis W.
Junior high schools boys performed forty trials on a ball roll up game in order to determine whether competition, initial ability level, and social reinforcement interact to influence the performance of a perceptual motor task. The analysis of the data demonstrated: (a) the competition, initial ability level, and social reinforcement factors did not interact with one another; (b) social reinforcement (reproof) facilitated performance, while competition had no effect; (c) competition hindered learning in later performance; and (d) the competition groups had a greater tonic heart rate (increase from basal) than the noncompetitive group. The results of the study suggest that social factors (i.e., social reinforcement, competition) have a greater effect in later performance after some initial learning of the perceptual motor skill has occurred. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Ithaca, New York, May 22-25, 1977)