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ERIC Number: ED141301
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Stimulus-Seeking, Extraversion, and Neuroticism in Regular, Occasional, and Non-Exercisers.
Burgess, Sharon S.; Pargman, David
To test the hypothesis that stimulus-seeking and extraversion underlie "exercise addiction" and sport involvement, the relationships among stimulus-seeking, extraversion, and exercise frequency were examined in ninety males matched on age and educational level. The Stimulus Variation Seeking Scale, Sensation-Seeking Scale (SSS) and Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) were administered to thirty regular, thirty occasional, and thirty nonexercisers. Interpretation of the test scores revealed that regular and occasional exercisers scored significantly higher on the SSS Thrill and Adventure Seeking Scale and lower on the EPI Neuroticism Scale (N) than nonexercisers. Extraversion was positively correlated to stimulus-seeking but did not differentiate among groups. These results indicate that at least one form of stimulus-seeking, (thrill and adventure seeking) may be a motivating force in physical activity and sport participation, but it does not distinguish subjects on the basis of exercise frequency and is not a factor in exercise addiction. Higher levels of stability in exercisers may reflect the feeling of well-being that they report gaining from vigorous physical activity, rather than being due to some emotional liability on the part of nonexercisers. (Author/MB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A