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ERIC Number: ED141297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Habit Strength Differences in Motor Behavior: The Effects of Social Facilitation Paradigms and Subject Sex.
Landers, Daniel M.; And Others
This document reports on research on the effects which the presence of other individuals have on another individual's performance. The experiment was conducted as follows: Selected male and female subjects were given the task of following a blind maze with a stylus. They were tested in performance under three different circumstances, alone, with a coactor, and with an observer. It was hypothesized that the presence of an observer (audience) or coactors would increased an individual's generalized drive which would enhance the emission of the most dominant motor response (either correct or incorrect). The distraction of intermittant noise was added during testing. The noise condition was surprisingly ineffective in producing an effect on performance. Relative to an alone-control condition, the social and physical stress conditions increased subjects' error rate during the incorrect-response phase and decreased errors during the correct-response phase of the experiment. The results of this study demonstrated the response pattern predicted by the hypothesis. A distinct difference between the sexes was noted, with women more significantly affected by coaction than men and making more errors under this condition. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A