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ERIC Number: ED141038
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Florida Agricultural Labor and Unemployment Insurance. Bulletin 767, January 1975.
Polopolus, Leo; Emerson, Robert D.
During the fall and winter of 1970-71, 2,200 agricultural employers and 2,500 workers were surveyed in Florida to determine the cost of extending unemployment insurance to agriculture. Average payroll data per employer were obtained for farm and nonfarm agricultural employers by type of ownership, economic class, and type of farm. Workers were described by sex, age, education, marital status, ethnic origin, and migratory status. Some possible effects of an unemployment insurance program on the migration of workers were analyzed. The employers in the survey had an average gross payroll of $45,822 and an average of 65 workers. Only 83 employers were corporations with more than 10 stockholders. The largest group of employers (1,491) were operators of fruit and nut farms, representing a $76 million payroll. Large employers, i.e., corporations with 10 or more stockholders or those with sales of $40,000 or more, were less sensitive to changes in the coverage criteria than all employers taken together. Of the agricultural workers, 56% were black, 33% were white, 26% were migratory workers, and 60% had an 8th grade education or less. The average number of weeks worked by agricultural workers was 46, and average hired earnings were $3,674. Migrants, blacks, and women were somewhat more likely to be actual beneficiaries than their respective counterparts. The average weekly benefit amount for actual beneficiaries was $34.70 with an average duration of 9.6 weeks. (Author/NQ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age, Agricultural Laborers, Blacks, Cost Effectiveness, Economic Factors, Employers, Ethnic Origins, Farm Labor, Insurance, Labor Force, Marital Status, Migrant Workers, Organization, Program Costs, State Surveys, Tables (Data), Unemployment Insurance, Wages, Whites, Workers Compensation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Florida Univ., Gainesville. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Identifiers - Location: Florida