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ERIC Number: ED140979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Cooperative Learning Environments on Conformity in School-Age Children.
Crockenberg, Susan B.
This study examines the effects of interdependent goals and cooperative learning environments on conformity in children. Each of the subjects (390 3rd and 4th grade children) was randomly assigned to a 3-child learning group (or to a no-group control) and then to one of seven experimental or control conditions. The experimental conditions and control groups varied on three dimensions: (1) whether the group had experience in a learning environment prior to the conformity task (2) the nature of that learning environment: cooperative-win, competitive-win, competitive non-win; and (3) whether the conformity task took place in an individual or a group context and whether it included interdependent goal instruction. Results, discussed in detail, indicate that neither simply being with a group of children nor having an interdependent goal significantly inflated conformity. However, the data suggests that positive feelings toward others in the absence of strong feelings of acceptance result in relatively high levels of conformity. The process by which conformity is induced in peer groups and the possible effects of long-term cooperative groups on conformity are discussed, and some individual and situational characteristics which induce and reduce conformity are identified. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)