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ERIC Number: ED140973
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Television Viewing and School Grades: A Cross-Lagged Longitudinal Study.
Gadberry, Sharon
This study attempted to determine whether television viewing amount independently affects school performance. The television viewing amount and school grades of 43 male and 47 female middle class subjects from three age groups (6 to 7, 8 to 9, and 10 to 11) were measured twice, 18 months apart. Cross-lagged panels were tested using correlations between viewing amount, academic grades, and effort grades. The amount-effort panel supported the causal hypothesis that increased television viewing caused lower school grades (z = -2.00, p< .05). The difference between cross-lagged correlations for effort and academic grades of 6 - 7-year-olds and effort grades of low achievers provided strongest support for the prediction. For the latter groups, two specific content categories positively affected academic grades and two content types decreased grades. Effort grades were generally decreased by total viewing irrespective of content dimensions. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)