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ERIC Number: ED140964
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Psychological Development of the Infant: Reciprocal Interactions Among Caretaker, Infant, and Environment.
NeSmith, Pat H.
A partial review of child development literature is presented to examine patterns of psychological development in the infant from birth to 18 months of age. An attempt is made to present several major statements about infant psychological development and to provide empirical support for the statements that contradict traditional views. Instances and patterns in infant psychological development are identified through reports of research results of early reciprocal interactions among caretaker, infant, and environment. The infant's psychological development is characterized by affects, states, and dispositional tendencies inferred from observable behavior. These displays are considered important cues for noting physical, mental, and social well-being of the infant within his or her immediate environmental context and with a reciprocal interaction event. As temporal events, infant affects, states, and dispositional tendencies suggest psychological change, growth, and differentiation over time and do not imply fixed characteristics of infant personality. It is concluded that the infant is highly individualistic, competent, adaptive and active as an agent and a recipient in reciprocal interactions with caretaker and environment. (Author/MS)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Attachment Behavior, Behavioral Science Research, Bibliographies, Cognitive Development, Emotional Development, Environmental Influences, Infant Behavior, Infants, Interaction Process Analysis, Literature Reviews, Parent Child Relationship, Social Development, Speech Communication, Stranger Reactions
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at "Toward the Competent Parent: An Interdisciplinary Conference on Parenting" (Atlanta, Georgia, February 21-22, 1977)