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ERIC Number: ED140662
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: N/A
Phonological Factors in Vocabulary Acquisition: A Case Study of a Two-Year-Old, English-French Bilingual. Working Papers in Bilingualism, No. 13.
This study presents phonological and lexical data describing the speech of a two-year-old acquiring English and French simultaneously. After establishing the child's phonological system(s), four categories of lexical items are described: (1) the child knows and uses both the English and French lexical item; (2) the child is confused by identical meaning yet slightly different phonological form (i.e., cognates); (3) the child is exposed to only one form, and thus uses a lexical item only in one language; and (4) the child has been exposed to both the English and French equivalents but avoids the phonologically more difficult form. Following these data, the second category (i.e., cognates) is discussed briefly, and the fourth category (i.e., phonological avoidance) is treated in some detail. These findings could also have some relevance for foreign language teaching in that it appears that unnecessary phonological barriers may cause psychological problems, stunt fluency and inhibit ease of language learning. (Author/CFM)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Child Language, English, French, Interference (Language), Language Acquisition, Language Instruction, Phonology, Preschool Children, Preschool Learning, Pronunciation, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Development
Bilingual Education Project, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor St. West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6 (as long as supply lasts)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Bilingual Education Project.